How an e-book is like a treadmill at the gym
I see a lot of confusion about what it means when you “buy an e-book” in the Kindle store (or from many other online e-tailers).
Some people think it should be the same as when you buy a physical copy of a p-book (paperbook).
Others say, “You are only renting it.”
Neither one really describes the situation very well.
What you buy (which you own, in the same way you own that p-book copy) is a license to read the book, under certain specific conditions to which you agree when you buy that license.
Let’s try a different analogy.
Suppose you get a gym membership.
You then have the right to go in and use a treadmill.
It’s not a specific treadmill…you may even be able to use your “license” at any one of a number of gyms in the same chain.
You pay…the gym’s responsibility is to have a treadmill you can use.
If the treadmills are all down on one day, you can probably get a pro-rated discount on your gym membership that month.
Now, in that situation, would you expect to be able to sell the treadmill to your neighbor?
No, because you don’t own the treadmill…you own the right to use it.
Are you renting the treadmill?
No, that would suggest you take home a specific individual treadmill for a set amount of time. If it has a scratch on it, you are stuck with that scratched one (although you might be able to exchange it).
You are buying the right to use a treadmill at the gym.
To make this analogy work, we need to make the model a bit different from what you most commonly see at a gym.
Most people pay an annual membership, or a monthly membership, and then they don’t pay per machine.
The annual membership is the equivalent of Amazon Prime. Just on the e-book part of it, you don’t pay for each e-book you use from the Kindle Owners’ Lending Library. You pay an annual fee (which has significant other benefits…shipping, and Prime videos), and then you get to “use” up to one book a month.
People chafe at that one book limit: the gym doesn’t say you can only use the treadmill once a month (although it might not be available to you at, say, two in the morning).
Prime streaming video works more like your typical gym…unlimited use of the resources (machines/videos) that are in the gym for an annual fee.
However, the e-book system outside of Prime is different.
You pay a licensing fee for an individual book, and then you have access to that one as much as you want. You can think of it as a lifetime gym membership for that one type of machine…you don’t pay $100 a month for the gym, you pay $10 for a lifetime membership for treadmills.
In this analogy, a specific book (say, The Hunger Games) is like the whole class of treadmills…each type of machine (elliptical, stair stepper) is a different “title”.
Do you own the right to read The Hunger Games when you “buy it” in the Kindle store?
Not just to one copy of The Hunger Games…that’s one of the big advantages of e-book licensing. If you bought a treadmill, brought it home, and then through your own negligence, broke it, you are out of luck on it. That copy is yours, and your responsibility.
If you are at the gym and break the treadmill, you can just move to another treadmill.
There are, of course, also disadvantages of e-books compared to p-books.
As I mentioned above, you can’t sell the treadmill you use at the gym to somebody else.
The gym can also determine what rights you have to share your use. They might allow you to bring a guest to the gym on a “day pass”, but might only allow you to do that with that specific individual one time (if you brought Steve Rogers in once as a guest, you can’t use your guest privilege with Steve Rogers again).
They might also say you can only use your guest privileges once…that’s similar to the lending systems we have with e-books with some e-tailers (Amazon, Barnes & Noble) where you can only lend an e-book once ever.
We also get the equivalent of a family membership at the gym. Typically, up to six devices can license the same e-book at the same time for one download price. You can think of that as your “family membership” letting you bring up to six people to the gym on the same day for your monthly fee. The licensing is actually better than the gym, since the gym typically makes you specify people who are the family members, and the Kindle store licensing doesn’t care who has devices on your account, or if those people are constantly changing.
Not only can’t you sell the treadmill you use, you can’t sell your rights to use the treadmill to somebody else. The gym controls access to the treadmill. You can’t pay $100 a month to use the gym, and then turn around and have somebody pay you $50 for your rights to the gym that month. Your gym card probably has your picture on it, and identifies you as the person who bought the rights.
That’s like DRM (Digital Rights Management).
This analogy also holds up with the question of what happens to your e-books if Amazon goes out of business at some point (knock virtual wood).
It would be like what would happen if you had that lifetime membership to your gym, and it went out of business.
You wouldn’t have access to your books/the treadmills.
It’s possible another gym would honor your card, and then get you to renew with them in some way…somebody could buy the assets of an Amazon that went under, although it would be a big undertaking.
I’m pretty confident that Amazon is going to be around for some time, although of course, I can’t guarantee that.
When you buy an e-book in the Kindle store, you buy the right to read the book, not a copy of the book. You aren’t renting the right to read it (which would suggest there was a limited timeframe). You own the right, not a copy.
I hope that helps clarify it a bit. If you have any questions or comments, feel free to let me and my readers know by commenting on this post.
This post by Bufo Calvin originally appeared in the I Love My Kindle blog.